Atlantis Pediatric Hospital

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  • Call 0814 122 6066
  • Call 0814 122 6066

Pregnancy Care

6:58 AM

(10 mins read)

Pregnancy care encompasses both prenatal (before birth) and postpartum (after birth) healthcare for expectant mothers. It involves various treatments and practices aimed at ensuring a healthy pregnancy, labor, delivery, and well-being for both the mother and baby. In this article, we will explore the importance of prenatal care, the various aspects of pregnancy care, and the significance of postpartum care.

Prenatal Care:

Prenatal care plays a vital role in reducing pregnancy risks and increasing the chances of a safe and healthy delivery. Regular prenatal visits enable healthcare providers to monitor the progress of the pregnancy and identify any potential problems or complications before they become severe.

Research shows that babies born to mothers who do not receive prenatal care are three times more likely to have low birth weight. Additionally, newborns with low birth weight are five times more likely to face mortality compared to those whose mothers received adequate prenatal care.

Ideally, prenatal care should begin at least three months before attempting to conceive. During this period, it is essential to adopt healthy habits, such as quitting smoking and alcohol consumption, taking daily folic acid supplements (400 to 800 micrograms), discussing medical conditions and medications with your doctor, and avoiding exposure to harmful substances or chemicals at home or work.

During Pregnancy:

Once pregnancy is confirmed, regular healthcare appointments at different stages of pregnancy are necessary. The visit schedule typically includes:

Monthly visits during the first six months of pregnancy.

Bi-weekly visits during the seventh and eighth months of pregnancy.

Weekly visits during the ninth month of pregnancy.

These visits involve a range of assessments and screenings, such as blood tests to check for anemia, HIV, and blood type, monitoring blood pressure and weight gain, measuring the baby’s growth and heart rate, discussing dietary and exercise guidelines, and tracking changes in the mother’s body as she prepares for birth.

In addition to routine visits, special classes may be offered to provide information about pregnancy, birth preparation, and basic baby care.

For pregnancies considered high-risk due to advanced maternal age or existing health conditions, more frequent visits and specialized care may be required, often involving consultations with doctors specializing in high-risk pregnancies.

Postpartum Care:

While pregnancy care primarily focuses on the nine months of gestation, postpartum care is equally important. The postpartum period lasts approximately six to eight weeks, starting immediately after childbirth.

During this phase, mothers undergo significant physical and emotional changes while adapting to caring for their newborns. Postpartum care involves prioritizing proper rest, nutrition, and vaginal care.

Rest is crucial for new mothers as they recover and regain their strength. Strategies to prevent exhaustion include sleeping when the baby sleeps, positioning the bed close to the baby’s crib for easier night feedings, and allowing someone else to bottle-feed the baby while the mother rests.

Maintaining a nutritious diet is essential during the postpartum period to support the body’s recovery after pregnancy and labor. While the weight gained during pregnancy provides nourishment for breastfeeding, it is important to continue eating a balanced and healthy diet after delivery. Recommendations include eating when hungry rather than out of boredom or fatigue, opting for low-fat foods that provide a balance of protein, carbohydrates, fruits, and vegetables, and ensuring adequate fluid intake.

Vaginal care is another critical aspect of postpartum care. Some common postpartum experiences include vaginal soreness if there was a tear during delivery, urination problems like pain or frequent urges, discharge (including small blood clots), and contractions in the first few days after delivery. Scheduling a checkup with a healthcare provider around six weeks postpartum is advised to address any concerns or symptoms and receive appropriate treatment. It is generally recommended to abstain from sexual intercourse for four to six weeks after delivery to allow for proper healing of the vagina.


Maintaining optimal health during pregnancy and the postpartum period is of utmost importance for the well-being of both mother and baby. It is crucial to prioritize regular healthcare appointments, follow healthcare providers’ guidance, and adhere to recommended practices to ensure a safe and healthy journey through pregnancy and beyond.